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Summary of Water and Electrolyte

Water makes up about 60% of an adult’s total weight. It plays a key role in many body functions like chemical reactions, temperature control, blood volume maintenance, lubrication, and protection. Water also is a solvent and transport medium. Electrolytes are what help distribute and move water throughout the body. Electrolytes are minerals in your body with an electrical charge, like sodium, chloride, potassium, calcium, phosphate, and magnesium. This chapter will review water and electrolytes’ functions, the importance of fluid balance, and therefore the consequences of disrupting the fluid balance.

IMPORTANCE OF balance within the BODY While water makes up the biggest percentage of body volume, it's not pure water. Instead, it's a combination of water and cells, proteins, glucose, electrolytes, and other substances. How water moves around within the body is regulated by moving electrolytes in and out of cells. The key electrolytes within the body are sodium, chloride, and potassium.