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Summary of Carbohydrates

Carbohydrate, class of present compounds and derivatives formed from them. within the early a part of the 19th century, substances like wood, starch, and linen were found to be composed mainly of molecules containing atoms of carbon (C), hydrogen (H), and oxygen (O) and to own the overall formula C6H12O6; other organic molecules with similar formulas were found to possess an identical ratio of hydrogen to oxygen. the final formula Cx(H2O)y is often accustomed represent many carbohydrates, which implies “watered carbon.”

Carbohydrates are probably the foremost abundant and widespread organic substances in nature, and that they are essential constituents of all living things. Carbohydrates are formed by green plants from CO2 and water during the method of photosynthesis. Carbohydrates function energy sources and as essential structural components in organisms; additionally, a part of the structure of nucleic acids, which contain genetic information, consists of carbohydrate.