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Summary of Nucleic Acid

Nucleic acid, present matter that's capable of being softened to yield oxyacid, sugars, and a mix of organic bases (purines and pyrimidines). Nucleic acids are the most information-carrying molecules of the cell, and, by directing the method of protein synthesis, they determine the inherited characteristics of each physical object. the 2 main classes of nucleic acids are desoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and polymer (RNA). DNA is that the master blueprint forever and constitutes the genetic material all told free-living organisms and most viruses. RNA is that the genetic material of certain viruses, but it's also found altogether living cells, where it plays a crucial role in certain processes like the making of proteins.

This article covers the chemistry of nucleic acids, describing the structures and properties that allow them to function the transmitters of genetic information. For a discussion of the ordering, see heredity, and for a discussion of the role played by nucleic acids in protein synthesis, see metabolism.