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Summary of Essential Drugs

Concept of Essential Medicines
World Health Organization (WHO) introduced the concept of essential medicines in 1977. Essential medicines are people who satisfy the priority health care needs of the population. they're selected with due relevancy public health relevance, evidence on efficacy and safety, and comparative cost-effectiveness. Essential medicines are intended to be available within the context of functioning health systems in the slightest degree times in adequate amounts, within the appropriate dosage forms, with assured quality and adequate information, and at a price the individual and therefore the community can afford. The implementation of the concept of essential medicines is meant to be flexible and adaptable to several different situations; exactly which medicines are considered essential remains a national responsibility. Experience has shown that careful selection of a limited range of essential medicines ends up in the next quality of care, better management of medicines (including improved quality of prescribed medicines), and a more cost effective use of obtainable health resources. The WHO has developed the primary essential medicines list in 1977 and since then the list has been revised every 2 years. this one is that the 15th model list released in 2007. The essential medicine list contains limited cost-effective and safe medicines, while the open pharmaceutical market is flooded with sizable amount of medicines many of which are of doubtful value. The model list of WHO is a guide for the event of national and institutional essential medicine list. The concept of essential medicines has been worldwide accepted as a strong tool to push health equity and its impact is remarkable because the essential medicines are proved to be one among the foremost cost-effective elements in health care.

Selection of Essential Medicine List
The process by which medicines are selected is critical. a necessary medicines list which is imposed from above won't reflect the necessity of the users or be accepted by them. it's therefore vital that the method be consultative and transparent, selection criteria be explicit, selection of the medicines be linked to evidence-based standard clinical guidelines, clinical guidelines and therefore the list be divided into levels of care, and are regularly reviewed and updated. A review of the clinical guidelines and also the list should be distributed a minimum of every second year, and also their use and the impact should be monitored.