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Summary of Thyroid and Antithyroid Agents

Antithyroid agents are a category of medicine accustomed treat an overactive ductless gland caused by hyperthyroidism (when the endocrine gland produces more thyroid hormones than the body needs) and Graves’ disease (an system disorder that leads to the overproduction of thyroid hormones) and prepare the ductless gland for surgical removal.

Antithyroid agents work by inhibiting or suppressing the synthesis of hormones or decreasing thyroid hormone activity. they're also indicated to be used within the radioactive iodine uptake test to guage thyroid function and protect the ductless gland in a very radiation exposure emergency.

Antithyroid drugs decrease the amount of two hormones produced by the endocrine (located at the front of the neck)--thyroxine (T4) and triodothyronine (T3), which are formed by combining iodine (from food) and a protein called “thyroglobulin” with the help of an enzyme called “peroxidase.”