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Syllabus of Unit 3 :-

  1. Pharmacy Act - 1948 : Objectives, Definitions, Pharmacy Council of India; its constitution and functions, Education Regulations, State and Joint state pharmacy councils; constitution and functions, Registration of Pharmacists, Offences and 122 Penalties.

  2. Medicinal and Toilet Preparation Act - 1955 : Objectives, Definitions, Licensing, Manufacture In bond and Outside bond, Export of alcoholic preparations, Manufacture of Ayurvedic, Homeopathic, Patent & Proprietary Preparations. Offences and Penalties.

  3. Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic substances Act - 1985 and Rules : Objectives, Definitions, Authorities and Officers, Constitution and Functions of narcotic &Psychotropic Consultative Committee, National Fund for Controlling the Drug Abuse, Prohibition, Control and Regulation, opium poppy cultivation and production of poppy straw, manufacture, sale and export of opium, Offences and Penalties

Summary of Pharmacy Act 1948

  1. The recommendations of Drugs Enquiry Committee and Health Survey and Development Committee, laid the foundation for the enactment of the Pharmacy Act, 1948
  2. On 4th march, 1948, the Statutory control on the pharmacy education in the country was established with the enactment of the Pharmacy Act, 1948 with the following preamble.
  3. "An Act to regulate the profession of pharmacy".
  4. The Pharmacy Act enacted by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, GOI
  5. Have 5 Chapters which 46 sections.
  6. The major amendment to the Act was made in 1976 to Section 42 of the Act ‘the drug stores in the country would be run under the supervision of registered pharmacists’

Objectives :-

  1. To Restore the pharmacy profession
  2. To Improving status of profession of pharmacy
  3. To Regulate the pharmacy practice
  4. To provide uniform education and training
  5. To maintain control over pharmacy profession Definitions
  6. Registered Medical Practitioner (RMP)
    1. A person holding a qualification granted by an authority notified under section 3 of the Indian medical degree act.
  7. Registered Pharmacist:
    1. A person registered as pharmacist and whose name is for the time being entered in the register of the state.

On 9th March, 1949, the Pharmacy Council of India (PCI) was constituted to fulfil the objectives of the Pharmacy Act, 1948 by way of :
  1. Prescribing the minimum standard of education required for qualifying as a pharmacist.
  2. Ensuring uniform implementation of the educational standards throughout the country.
  3. Approving the courses of study and examination for pharmacists.
  4. Withdrawing approval, if the course of study does not continue to be in conformity with the educational standards prescribed by the PCI. 
  5. Approving qualifications granted outside the territories to which the Pharmacy Act, 1948 extends i.e., the approval of foreign qualification.
  6. Maintaining Central Register of Pharmacists.