Version  1.0
 File Size  76.70 mb
 File Count  1
 Create Date  Sep 26, 2022
 Update Date  Sep 26, 2022
 Telegram  Join Now

You have to wait 15 seconds.

Summary of Pharmaceutics :-

Chapter 1 :-

The history of pharmacy profession can be traced back to third millennium BC in Samaria. Samarian people, living in modern day Iraq, developed a cuneiform writing style on clay tablets which included lists of drugs of animal, vegetable and mineral origin that were used in the management of diseases, and prescriptions with details of the ingredients used in their compounding. Greeks were one of the first patrons of pharmacy profession. Earliest known records of preparation of medicines are Babylonian 2600 BC. The 'Ebers Papyrus' also known as Papyrus Ebers' is a continuous of some 60 feet long and foot wide written document dating back to 1550 BC. It includes 800 prescriptions (formulae), 700 drugs and describes prescriptions and modes of administration of drugs.

Chapter 2 :-

Pharmaceutical package is an integral part of pharmaceutical product. It is defined as an article or device which contains the pharmaceutical product and the container may or may not be in direct contact with the product. The container which is designed for pharmaceutical purpose must be stable. Pharmaceutical packaging material plays a vital role in the stability of the pharmaceutical dosage form. Packaging should be such that it should maintain the integrity of the dosage form, should be inert in nature, should not be fragile, and should have good mechanical strength.

Chapter 3 :-

A vast number of chemical substances are extensively used in the manufacturing and processing of pharmaceutical products and devices. Majority of these substances have little or no therapeutic value and are necessary in the manufacture of various dosage forms to perform various functiorns. Such substances are known as pharmaceutical aids" or pharmaceutical necessities".

Chapter 4 :-

Pharmaceutical industry uses various unit operations such as size reduction, size separation, drying, filtration, extraction, etc., to process materials to convert them into products. These unit operations are based upon certain physical, chemical and engineering principles. An understanding of these operating principles is a key to designing a robust drug product manufacturing process. A thorough knowledge of these principles can become useful in the design, development and scale-up of pharmaceutical unit operations to monitor, control, and evaluate these individual unit operations and the quality of the material produced from them. Unit operations gives an idea about science related to specific physical operation; different equipment and its design, material of construction and working and calculation of various physical parameters.

Chapter 5 :-

Oral route of administration is the most preferred route because of ease of ingestion, avoidance of pain and patient compliance. Drugs may be administered orally as tablets that contain a dose of drug which is given as a single unit. Amongst all the solid dosage forms, tablet is the most popular and commonly administered dosage form because of its convenience in self administration, its compactness and ease of manufacturing. According to the Indian Pharmacopoeia pharmaceutical tablets are solid, flat or biconvex unit dosage form, prepared by compressing a drug or a mixture of drugs, with or without diluents Tablets may vary in size, shape, weight, hardness, thickness, disintegration and dissolution characteristics and in other aspects, depending on amount of medicament/s, their intended use and method of manufacture. All drugs can be formulated as tablet form except when it is difficult to formulate or administer them.

Chapter 6 :-

pharmaceutical products such as medicines, cosmetics and drugs. The basic requirement of any manufacturing plant is personnel and their functions. Within the working of a pharmaceutical company lies a whole hierarchy of job positions, designations and roles. All the jobs and departments together are responsible for the success and profit of the organization. The organization structure of a "Typical" Pharmaceutical plant is categorized as functional structure, product-oriented structure and matrix structure. Functional organizational structure is present to some extent in most of the major pharmaceutical manufacturing plants. Each function within the plant is organized separately and each function reports to a specific function/department head. Some of the functional departments in a pharmaceutical industry include manufacturing department, sales department, marketing departments, research department and others.

Chapter 7 :-

Novel drug delivery delivery system. NDDS refers to the approaches, formulations, technologies, and systems for transporting drugs in the body as needed to safely achieve its desired therapeutic effects. NDDS are carriers which maintain the drug concentration in therapeutic range for longer period of time within the body. It is a combination of advance technique and new dosage forms which are superior to conventional dosage forms. These systems are net result of ystem (NDDS) is for delivery of drug other than conventional drug outcome in search of efficacious treatment of severe diseases.