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Summary of Indian Pharmacopoeia

Under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940 , The Indian Pharmacopoeia is an official book that contains the standards for drugs and other related substances included in the pharmacopoeia. 

The drugs and other related substances prepared by pharmaceutical manufacturers must comply with these standards . 

For the preparation of Pharmacopoeia of India, the pharmacopoeias of other countries, like British, Europe, United States, USSR, Japan, the National Formulary (USA) and Merck Index were consulted 

History of development 
The government of India published the Indian Pharmacopoeial list in 1946, as a supplement to the British Pharmacopoeia.

Indian Pharmacopoeial List contain list of drugs both included and not included in the British Pharmacopoeia along with standards to secure their usefulness, tests for identity and purity.

The Govt. of India constituted a permanent Indian Pharmacopoeia Committee in 1948 . This committee was assigned the task of preparing Indian Pharmacopoeia and to keep it up-to-date. 

Editions of Indian Pharmacopoeia
  1. Indian Pharmacopoeia 1955 - First edition , followed by supplement in 1960 
  2. Indian Pharmacopoeia 1966 - Second edition , followed by supplement in 1975
  3. Indian Pharmacopoeia 1985 - Third edition , followed by its addendum in 1989 and 1991
  4. Indian Pharmacopoeia 1996 - Fourth edition , followed by its addendum 2000, supplement 2000 for Veterinary Products, addendum 2002 and addendum 2005
  5. Indian Pharmacopoeia 2007 - Fifth edition , followed by addendum 2008
  6. Indian Pharmacopoeia 2010 - Six edition , followed by its addendum 2012
  7. Indian Pharmacopoeia 2014 with DVD - Seventh edition 

Number of volumes in each edition of IP
  1. IP 1955, 1965 and 1985 was published in 1 volumes
  2.  IP 1996 was published in 2 volumes
  3. IP 2007 and 2010 was published in 3 volumes
  4. IP 2014 was published in 4 volumes

The National Formulary of India would prove to be the authoritative guide to prescribing, dispensing and administering medicines for all healthcare professionals.

The National Formulary of India editions are as follows :- 
  1. National Formulary of India 1960 -The first edition of NFI
  2. National Formulary of India 1966 -The Second edition of NFI
  3. National Formulary of India 1979 -The Third edition of NFI
  4. National Formulary of India 2011- Fourth Edition

The British Pharmacopoeia
It was first published in 1864. 
Since 1948, which is seventh edition of B.P. the new edition of British Pharmacopoeia is published at intervals of five years i.e. 1948, 1953, 1958, 1963, 1968, 1973. After 1973 the new edition was published in 1980 and then in 1988, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008. After 2008 the new edition was published every year. 

In addition to the publication of the pharmacopoeia, the addendums are also published from time to time in between two main editions.

The BP contains monographs, which set out the mandatory standards for active substances, excipients and formulated preparations, together with General Notices, Appendices (test methods, reagents, etc ) and Reference Spectra.