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Summary of Pharmaceutics

  • Historical background and development of profession of pharmacy : History of profession of Pharmacy in India in relation to pharmacy education, industry and organization, Pharmacy as a career, Pharmacopoeias: Introduction to IP, BP, USP and Extra Pharmacopoeia.
  • Dosage forms : Introduction to dosage forms, classification and definitions
  • Prescription : Definition, Parts of prescription, handling of Prescription and Errors in prescription.
  • Posology : Definition, Factors affecting posology. Pediatric dose calculations based on age, body weight and body surface area.

  • Pharmaceutical calculations : Weights and measures - Imperial & Metric system, Calculations involving percentage solutions, alligation, proof spirit and isotonic solutions based on freezing point and molecular weight.
  • Powders : Definition, classification, advantages and disadvantages,Simple &compound powders - official preparations, dusting powders, effervescent, efflorescent and hygroscopic powders, eutectic mixtures. Geometric dilutions.
  • Liquid dosage forms : Advantages and disadvantages of liquid dosage forms. Excipients used in formulation of liquid dosage forms. Solubility enhancement techniques.

  • Monophasic liquids : Definitions and preparations of Gargles, Mouthwashes, Throat Paint, Eardrops, Nasal drops, Enemas, Syrups, Elixirs, Liniments and Lotions.
  • Biphasic liquids
  • Suspensions : Definition, advantages and disadvantages, classifications, Preparation of suspensions; Flocculated and Deflocculated suspension & stability problems and methods to overcome.
  • Emulsions : Definition, classification, emulsifying agent, test for the identification of type of Emulsion, Methods of preparation & stability problems and methods to overcome.

  • Suppositories : Definition, types, advantages and disadvantages, types of bases, methods of preparations. Displacement value & its calculations, evaluation of suppositories.
  • Pharmaceutical incompatibilities : Definition, classification, physical, chemical and therapeutic incompatibilities with examples.

  • Semisolid dosage forms : Definitions, classification, mechanisms and factors influencing dermal penetration of drugs. Preparation of ointments, pastes, creams and gels. Excipients used in semi solid dosage forms. Evaluation of semi solid dosages forms.